What You Need To Know About Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids: What Are They?

Uterine fibroids are normally non-cancerous (benign) tumors that are composed of smooth muscle tissue. This is the same tissue that makes up the uterine wall. The tissue in the tumor is normally thicker than that of the uterine wall.

What Causes These Fibroids?

It is not clear what actually causes these fibroids but there are many factors that can be the main culprit. Family history seems to play a role in these tumors developing. Females in the same family seem to develop these more often that families with no history of them.

Race also seems to be a common factor. African American women tend to develop these tumors two to three times more often than Caucasian women or women of various other races. Most African women develop the tumors in their twenties while women of other races normally do not develop them until their 30s or 40s.

It is also believed that these tumors are more likely to develop in females who began their first menstrual cycle before the age of 10. Also, consumption of alcohol, infections of the uterus, and hypertension could be the cause of their development.

It appears that estrogen causes increased growth of the tumors as well as pregnancy, but most tumors will decrease in size after delivery. Menopausal women tend to see a decrease in the size of the fibroids as well.

Fibroids appear in nearly 50% of women but rarely show any symptoms and most women aren’t aware that they have them.

Symptoms of Fibroids

If symptoms do occur it is usually in the form of abnormal or heavy bleeding. There may also be some localized pain if the tumor burst. If the tumors are large, there may be some pelvic pain, pressure on the bladder, or pressure on the rectum. This can cause frequent or obstructed urination as well as pain with defecation.

Problems That Might Occur

In very rare cases, fast growing fibroids can be cancerous. This occurs in only 1% of those afflicted. Normally, the tumors are closely monitored for rapid growth which can indicate a potential problem.

Fibroids that grow to be large can pose more serious problems. They can lead to recurring miscarriages if not removed. Some may experience fertility issues due to the fact that some tumors are located in the sub mucosal area of the uterus. This causes deformities in the uterine cavity and leads to problems conceiving.

How Are These Fibroids Discovered?

Normally, a fibroid is discovered by a routine pelvic exam. If the patient is experiencing pain or bleeding, the physician may order an ultra sound. This is the most accurate way of finding them.

There is also a test called a hysterosalpingogram that helps with the diagnosis. This is done by injecting contrast fluid into the uterus through the cervix while performing an ultra sound. This will show any masses that might be present.

Important Facts About Ovarian Cysts Every Woman Should Know About

The symptoms of ovarian cysts belong to the field of gynecology. An ovarian cyst is an abnormal structure in the ovaries, with the appearance of a bubble-like extension that is filled with watery or thick discharge. The classification of cyst types is characterized in functional cysts and their sub-species, the so-called retention cysts, which may be innate.

For women who suffer from ovarian cyst symptoms it is extremely essential to know further details about the disease. Sometimes it can be hard to determine the presence of ovarian cysts, as well as the changes that indicate the existence of small myomas.

Generally, the main symptoms of ovarian cysts can only be felt once the growth reached a certain size. The cysts are usually so small that women do not notice them and remain free of symptoms. Whenever ovarian cysts attain a specific volume they start pressing against adjacent organs; thus cause painful sensations. This discomfort is often described as a dull and dragging feeling in the lower abdomen.

Frequent urination, distress with defecation, pain during sexual intercourse and back pain are typical symptoms. In that case, a clarification by a doctor must be made as soon as possible, as acute and colicky pain may be indicative of complications.

Nonspecific symptoms are constipation, difficulty in urination, urinary retention in the kidneys or a water accumulation in the abdominal cavity. If the myomas produce neoplasm hormones, the patient may experience irregular menstrual cycles, as well as the absence of bleeding or continuous bleeding. Also, drawing pains in the right or left lower abdomen are sometimes a sign of ovarian cysts.

In extreme cases, cysts may rupture or tear. Small herniated ovarian cysts often cause no pain, whereas large bursting cysts can result in sever agony in the lower abdomen. If blood vessels get injured, then it can come to strong bleeding in the abdominal cavity, requiring rapid treatment.

The so-called stem rotation of an ovary must be attended immediately, as the twisted ovary prevents blood from flowing and later on is causing a hemorrhage. This always leads to sever pain, nausea and vomiting. The shaft rotation symptom is more common in medium-sized cysts, and if it is not treated instantly the ovary dies. Overall, these complications are extremely rare; however, they require immediate surgery.

After a medical interview about current ovarian cyst symptoms and associated problems, the doctor performs a physical examination. Through a pelvic exam, he can feel large cysts and tumors effortless.

It is vital that the patient provides the physician with detailed information about possible irregularities in menstruation, existing conditions, pregnancy and previous diseases. A clear insight into the individual’s overall health and lifestyle enables the doctor to make a quick diagnosis, as well as to find the ideal treatment option.